"Die Gleichheit vor dem Gesetz im Sinne des Art. der Reichsverfas- sung. "Begriindung des Entwurfs einer Verfassung fur das Deutsche Reich" . – Deutsches Kaiserreich; monarchischer föderaler Bundesstaat . am die entgültige republikanische und bundesstaatliche Verfassung. The Constitution of the German Reich usually known as the Weimar Constitution (Weimarer Verfassung) was the constitution that governed Germany during the Weimar Republic era (–). Empire that preceded it. The German state's official name was Deutsches Reich until the adoption of the Basic Law.


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This section established a Supreme Court and also established administrative courts to adjudicate disputes between citizens and administrative offices of the state. Basic rights and obligations of Germans[ edit ] The second part Zweiter Hauptteil of the Weimar Constitution laid out the basic rights Grundrechte and basic obligations Grundpflichten of Germans.

The constitution guaranteed verfassung deutsches reich 1919 rights such as the freedom of speech and assembly to each citizen.

These were based on the provisions of the earlier constitution of The Individual[ edit ] Articles to set forth individual rights of Germans, the principal tenet being that every German was equal before the law.

Both genders had the same rights and obligations. Privileges based on birth or social status were abolished.

Official recognition of the titles of nobility ceased, except as a part of a person's name, and verfassung deutsches reich 1919 creation of noble titles was discontinued.

A citizen of any of the German provinces was likewise a citizen of the Reich.

Weimar Constitution - Wikipedia

Germans had the right of mobility and residence, and the right to acquire property and pursue a trade. They had the right to immigrate or emigrate, and the right to Reich protection against foreign authorities.


The "national identity" of foreign language communities in Germany was protected, including the right to use their native language in education, administration, and the judicial system. Other specific articles stated that: The rights of the individual are inviolable.

Individual liberties may be limited or deprived only on the basis of law. Persons have the right to be notified within a day of their arrest or detention as to the authority and reasons for their detention and be given the opportunity to object.

This is equivalent to the principle of habeas corpus in the common law of England and elsewhere. This right cannot be obstructed by job contract, nor can exercise of this right create a disadvantage.

Community Life[ edit ] Articles to guided Germans' interaction with the community and established, among other things, that: Germans had the right to assemble peacefully and unarmed without prior permission. This status could not be denied because of the organization's political, socio-political or religious goals.

Article All citizens were eligible for public office, without discrimination, based on their abilities. Gender discrimination toward female civil servants was abolished Article This allowed the first women, verfassung deutsches reich 1919 Anita Augspurg verfassung deutsches reich 1919 practice law.

Civil servants served the whole nation, not a specific party.

Weimar Constitution

They verfassung deutsches reich 1919 freedom of political opinion. Article Citizens could be required to provide services to the state and community, including compulsory military service under regulations set by Reich law.

Religion and Religious Communities[ edit ] The religious rights of Germans were enumerated in Articles to Residents of the Reich were granted freedom of belief and conscience.

Free practice of religion was guaranteed by the constitution and protected by the state, and no state church was established.