Abstract. Comparison between the Microsoft Windows and Linux computer operating systems is a long-running discussion topic within the personal computer. Here you will get the material for computer IT and Unix-Linux OS related courses and tutorials. The materials for which you will get the PDF, DOC, PPT, RAR. GNU/Linux Basic operating system. Introduction. Although free software has existed for more than twenty years, it is only re- cently that it has started to be.


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Distributions typically use a package manager such as aptyumzypperpacman or portage to install, remove, and update all of a system's software from one central location. Free software community and Linux User Group A distribution is largely driven by its developer and user communities. Some vendors develop and fund their distributions on a volunteer basis, Debian being a well-known example.

In many cities and pdf linux operating system, local associations known as Linux User Groups LUGs seek to promote their preferred distribution and by extension free software.

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They hold meetings and provide free demonstrations, training, technical support, and operating system installation to new users. Many Internet communities also provide support to Linux users and developers. Online forums are another means for support, with notable examples being LinuxQuestions.

Linux distributions host mailing lists ; commonly there will be a specific pdf linux operating system such as usage or development for a given list.

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There are several technology websites with a Linux focus. Print magazines on Linux often bundle cover disks that carry software or even complete Linux distributions.

The free software licenseson which the various software packages of a distribution built on the Linux kernel are based, explicitly accommodate and encourage commercialization; the relationship between a Linux distribution as a whole and individual vendors pdf linux operating system be seen as symbiotic.

One common business model of commercial suppliers is charging for support, especially for business users.

Download free PDF courses and tutorials on Unix-Linux OS - page 1

A number of companies also offer a specialized business version of their distribution, which adds proprietary support packages and tools to administer higher numbers of installations or to simplify administrative tasks.

Another business model is to give away the software in order to sell pdf linux operating system. As computer hardware standardized throughout the s, it became more difficult for hardware manufacturers to profit from this tactic, as the OS would run on any manufacturer's computer that shared the same architecture.

A Hands-on Guide This book is beneficial for the beginner users. The contents are written in simple and easy to understand format, mainly keeping in mind about the newbie Linux users who have come from other OS or just have installed any Linux Distros for the first time.

The first chapter of this book has focused on the traditional history of Unix, Linux, Users Interface, features of Linux, and the various desktop environment. Then you will be getting quickstart documentation on initial setup, login, password, GUI, Command Line Interface, files management, and necessary Linux command.

In the third chapter, you will be able to play with the Linux files system and partitioning. The fourth chapter will allow you to learn about various processing task related pdf linux operating system users, Boot, Grub, and Multi-tasking inside out.

Moreover, it gives detailed information about Desktop environment, Graphical User interface, Shell Script, and setup, X window system and configuration, keyboard, date, language and fonts set up, installing software, and package management.

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Though Linux system is versatile and stable OS sometimes, it may get broken due to some tweaks. There is a separate chapter which will teach you about pdf linux operating system and restoration of files and system image.

Now we are living in the era of technology and networking.