The first step in Gagne's theory is specifying the kind of outcomes to be achieved. He categorised these outcomes into five types: verbal information, intellectual skills, cognitive strategies, attitudes, and motor skills. The second step is to organise appropriate instructional events.‎Abstract · ‎Gagne's model of · ‎I) Gaining attention · ‎V) Providing learning. Gagne identifies five major categories of learning: verbal information, intellectual skills, cognitive strategies, motor skills and attitudes. In addition, the theory outlines nine instructional events and corresponding cognitive processes: Gaining attention (reception) Informing learners of the objective (expectancy). Module: How Students Learn - A Review of Some of the Main Theories According to Gagn, the higher orders of learning in this hierarchy build upon the.


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How to use Gagne's model of instructional design in teaching psychomotor skills

There is no doubt that curiosity motivates students to learn. II Informing the learner of the objective Early in each lesson students should encounter a list of learning objectives. This initiates the internal process of expectancy and helps motivate the gagnes theory of learning to complete the lesson.

A direct statement can be used in our session: Consent the patient for insertion of a peritoneal drain Identify the correct anatomical point Identify the equipment required Prepare, position and monitor the patient Understand and perform the correct technique for insertion of a peritoneal drain under fully aseptic condition Understand the principles of securing, dressing and connecting the drain Understand the importance of appropriate analgesia post procedure Complete the appropriate documentation in patient's medical notes III Stimulating recall of prerequisite learning Associating new information with prior knowledge and personal experience and getting the learners gagnes theory of learning think about what they already know can facilitate the learning process.

In our session, minutes should be allocated for interactive discussion of the following: Asking questions about previous observations and experiences, indications of inserting a peritoneal drain, relevant anatomy, findings on examination and relevant tests before the procedure to confirm the diagnosis e.

Content should be organised meaningfully, and explained and demonstrated using a variety of media.

How students learn: what learning involves

In our session, different gagnes theory of learning of the gagnes theory of learning should be explained: How to consent the patient, monitoring, equipment needed, positioning the patient, the technique of peritoneal drain insertion and how to secure the drain.

Finally, tests needed after the procedure biochemistry, cytology and microbiology tests on the fluid sampleand appropriate analgesia should be explained. The process is made more complex and hence more difficult by the phenomenon of interference, whereby one piece of learning inhibits another.

Interference is thought to be one of the main causes of forgetting.

Gagne's Nine Levels of Learning - Management Training From Mind Tools

This involves developing the ability to make a consistent response to different stimuli that form a common class or category of some sort. It forms the basis of the ability to generalise, classify etc.


Gagne created a nine-step process that detailed each element required for effective learning. The model is useful for all types of learning, but this article focuses on applying it to training your team in a work environment.

You can see these nine steps in figure 1, below. We'll explore these in detail later in this article. Gagne's Nine Levels of Learning Benefits of Gagne's Model Gagne's Nine Levels of Learning model gives trainers and educators a checklist to use before they engage in teaching or training activities.

Each step highlights a form of communication that aids the learning gagnes theory of learning. When each step is completed in turn, learners are much more likely to be engaged and to retain the information or skills that they're being taught.

Gagne's Nine Levels of Learning

According to Gagnes theory of learning, humans undergo several types of levels of learning. He also mentioned that each of these levels require specific types of instructions or methods of teaching. In all, nine different events define a learning system.

Gagne defines all these events, as the basis for learning, be they among adults or among children.