In this lesson we look at ecocriticism and how this theoretical perspective may help us understand Wordsworth's poem "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.". Environmental criticism, also known as ecocriticism and “green” criticism (especially in England), is a rapidly emerging field of literary study that considers the. Ecocriticism is the study of representations of nature in literary works and of the relationship between literature and the environment.
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Victorian essayists who wrote about nature include John Ruskin and Thomas Carlyle, both of whom lamented the destruction of the environment due to industrialization.
While ecocriticism had its official beginnings as a discipline in the s, important ecocriticism in literature essays that fall into the ecocritical mold appeared as early as the s, many of them responding to works by writers such as Thoreau and Emerson.
Such pioneering works show that ecologically oriented criticism is not a new phenomenon but, like the literature it analyzes, is a response to the urgent issues of the day.
As critics have pointed out, one of the reasons that ecocriticism continues to grow as a discipline is the continued global environmental crisis. Ecocriticism aims to show how the work of writers concerned about the environment can play some ecocriticism in literature in solving real and pressing ecological concerns.
Ecocriticism and Nineteenth-Century Literature Critical Essays -
At the same time, ecocriticism has borrowed methodologies and theoretically informed approaches liberally from other fields of literary, social and scientific study. Cheryll Glotfelty's working definition in The Ecocriticism Reader is that "ecocriticism is the study of the relationship between literature and the physical environment",  and one ecocriticism in literature the implicit goals of the approach is to recoup professional dignity for what Glotfelty calls the "undervalued genre of nature writing".
Cohen has observed, "if you want to be an ecocritic, be prepared to explain what you do and be criticized, if not satirized. All ecocritics share an environmentalist motivation of some sort, ecocriticism in literature whereas the majority are 'nature endorsing',  some are 'nature sceptical'.
What is ecocriticism? – Environmental Humanities Center
You might compare literary criticism to artists sketching a live model. Each artist has a different perspective, and each one sees something different.
Together, however, they can see the whole picture. Ecocriticism first became a major theoretical movement in the s.
It seeks to relate literature to the natural environment, with the hope that we can take action against climate change and the destruction of natural habitats.
Ecocriticism thus has ecocriticism in literature strong ethical aspect, as the reading of literature should ideally inspire political activism and real change.
Edited by Cheryll Glotfelty and Ecocriticism in literature Fromm, — University of Georgia Press, Literature, Biology, and the Environment Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, The Comedy of Survival: Studies in Literary Ecology. It spans many centuries—looking at Dante, Shakespeare, and Petrarch, as well as E.
But what is ecocriticism?