Speeches of April 4, and April 29, in Discorsi di Pio XI, III, , 1 Casti Connubii, December 31, , Papal Teachings: Matrimony. C o a Pio Date, 31 December Argument, On Christian marriage. Encyclical number, 18 of 31 of the pontificate. Text. In Latin · In English. ←Ad salutem. Quadragesimo anno→. Casti connubii (Latin: "of chaste wedlock") was a papal encyclical promulgated by Pope Pius XI. Events leading up to Casti Connubii - The encyclical addresses the issues of contraception, divorce, and eugenics -- here a history of events leading up to the  Missing: pio ‎| ‎Must include: ‎pio.


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Lucia Pozzi, The University of. For the Angelic Doctor, writing on conjugal honor and on the offspring which is the fruit of marriage, says: By matrimony, therefore, the souls of the contracting parties are joined and knit together more directly and more intimately than are their bodies, and that not by any passing affection of sense of spirit, but by a deliberate and casti connubii pio xi act of the will; and from this union of souls by God's decree, a sacred and inviolable bond arises.

Hence the nature of this contract, which is proper and peculiar to it alone, makes it entirely different both from the union of animals entered into by the blind instinct of nature alone in which neither reason nor free will plays a part, and also from the haphazard unions of men, which are far removed from all true and honorable unions of will and enjoy none of the rights of family life.

From this it is clear that legitimately constituted authority has the right and therefore the duty to restrict, to prevent, and to punish those base unions which are opposed to reason and to nature; but since it is a matter which flows from human nature itself, no less certain is the teaching of Our predecessor, Casti connubii pio xi XIII of happy memory: To take away from man the natural and primeval right of marriage, to circumscribe in any way the principal ends of marriage laid down in the beginning by God Himself in the words 'Increase and multiply,'[8] is beyond the power of any human law.

Therefore the sacred partnership of true marriage is constituted both by the will of God and the will of man.

From God comes the very institution of marriage, the ends for which it was instituted, the laws that govern it, the blessings that flow from it; while man, through generous surrender of his own person made to another for the whole span of life, becomes, with the help and cooperation of God, the author of each particular marriage, with the duties and blessings annexed thereto from divine institution.

Now when We come to explain, Venerable Brethren, what are the blessings that God has attached to true matrimony, and how great they are, there occur to Us the words of that illustrious Doctor of the Church whom We commemorated recently in Our Encyclical Ad salutem on the occasion of the fifteenth centenary of his death: Augustine, "are all the blessings of matrimony on account of which matrimony itself is a blessing; offspring, conjugal faith and the sacrament.

Casti connubii pio xi pdf download

This we regard as the law of casti connubii pio xi by which the fruitfulness of nature is adorned and the evil of incontinence is restrained.

Thus amongst the blessings of marriage, the child holds the first place. And indeed the Creator of the human race Himself, Who in His goodness wishes to use men as His helpers in the propagation of life, taught this when, instituting marriage in Paradise, He said to our first parents, and through them to all future spouses: Augustine admirably deduces from the words of the holy Apostle Saint Paul to Timothy[13] when he says: How great a boon of God this is, and how great a blessing of matrimony is clear from a consideration of man's dignity and of his sublime end.

For man surpasses all other visible creatures by the superiority of his rational nature alone.


Besides, God wishes men to be born not only that they should live and fill the earth, but much more that they may be worshippers of God, that they may know Him and love Him and finally enjoy Him for ever in heaven; and this casti connubii pio xi, since man is raised by God in a marvelous way to the supernatural order, surpasses all that eye hath seen, and ear heard, and all that hath entered into the heart of man.

But Christian parents must also understand that they are destined not only to propagate and preserve the human race on earth, indeed not only to educate any kind of worshippers of the true God, but children who are to become members of the Church of Christ, to raise up fellow-citizens of the Saints, and members of God's household,[16] that the worshippers of God and Casti connubii pio xi Savior may daily increase.

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For although Christian spouses even if sanctified themselves cannot transmit sanctification to their progeny, nay, although the very natural process of generating life has become the way of death by which original sin is passed on to posterity, nevertheless, they share to some extent in the blessings of that primeval marriage of Paradise, since it is theirs to offer their offspring to the Church in order that by this most fruitful Mother of the children of God they may be regenerated through the laver of Baptism unto supernatural justice and finally be made living members of Christ, partakers of immortal life, and heirs of that eternal glory to which we all aspire from our inmost heart.

If a true Casti connubii pio xi mother weigh well these things, she will indeed understand with a sense of deep consolation that of her the words of Our Savior were spoken: Both husband and wife, however, receiving these children with joy and gratitude from the hand of God, will regard them as a talent committed to their charge by God, not only to be employed for their own advantage or for that of an earthly commonwealth, but to be restored to God with interest on the day of reckoning.

The blessing of offspring, however, is not completed by the mere begetting of them, but something else must be added, namely the proper education of casti connubii pio xi offspring.

For the most wise God would have failed to make sufficient provision for children that had been born, and so for the whole human race, if He had not given to those to whom He had entrusted the power and right to beget them, the power also and the right to educate them.


For no one can fail to see that children are incapable of providing wholly for themselves, even in matters pertaining to their natural life, and much less in those pertaining to the supernatural, but require for many years to be helped, instructed, and educated by others.