Excel spreadsheets for pH calculation, virtual titration, analysis and simulation of potentiometric acid base titrations. É muito comum observar-se, em muitas avaliações (provas) de disciplinas de Química, uma excessiva preocupação com o cálculo correto de valores de pH. eléctrico que equivale el valor de pH de la solución desconocida. directa de la PaO,, PaCO, y el pH, así como el cálculo de diferentes índices derivados. PaO.


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What is the pH of a .15 M solution of Na3PO4?

Zipped full program There are no known issues for CurTiPot 4. Microsoft ExcelTM any version from onwards Compatibility: CurTiPot is widely calculo de ph in universities, companies, etc. Analysis and Simulation freeware, version 4. This advanced resource takes ionic strength effects and activity coefficients in account.


Check dissociation constants now Configuration and Usage CurTiPot is released as freeware for personal, educational and non-commercial use; for other applications, contact the author copyright holder. There is no need to install or uninstall CurTiPot.

All preprogrammed equations and Visual Basic embedded macros are self-contained and completely removed when closing CurTiPot no functions added, no changes made to Excel. It is necessary to enable calculo de ph in Excel to activate the buttons that run the macros for iterative computing of pH, distribution curves generation, smoothing, etc.

If, while opening CurTiPot, Excel does not display an option 'enable macros' to click, update the configuration only once for a computer following simple instructions on the front page of CurTiPot, cell AM In addition, the Calculo de ph option i version contains balloons bubble text with a numbered sequence of first steps to be followed by beginners, like a recipe.

Cálculo de pH de disoluciones de tampones monopróticos

Balloons can be deleted as they become superfluous. The Regression module of CurTiPot uses an Excel supplement named Solver for the determination of concentrations and pKas of acids and bases from titration data by nonlinear least squares regression.

Calculo de ph not yet calculo de ph in the Excel Data tab, Solver needs to be activated by checking the box in the Excel Supplements list.

Solely instantaneous protonation-deprotonation equilibria and effects of ionic strength are computed.

No other type of chemical reaction calculo de ph phase transition is taken in account in the calculations, although they may occur for many combinations of acids and bases listed or not in the Database. The pH Calculator, Simulation and Regression modules estimate activity coefficients with help of the Davies equation.

There are more complete equations applicable at higher I e. Ion-ion iteration corrections are disregarded Titration and Distribution modules of CurTiPot; this does not affect the calculo de ph of titration end points stoichiometric points or equivalence points.

What is the pH of a M solution of Na3PO4? | eNotes

The author provides the freeware on an "as is" basis, with no warranties, expressed or implied, and reserves the right not to be responsible for the correctness, completeness, accuracy and error-free operation of CurTiPot.

The author has not introduced any spyware, adware, viruses or malicious code in the program, as checked and assured by many of the distributors calculo de ph the software see list.


Bug reports and suggestions welcomed by e-mail gutz iq. Evaluate CurTiPot freeware Examples and Comments The all-in-one modular and interactive design of CurTiPot is calculo de ph and lets you rapidly calculate the pH of any aqueous solution, from the simplest to the most complex one.


The Virtual Titrator makes the simulation of the titration curve of any acid, base or mixture a breeze; flexibility in the selection of sample size, concentration calculo de ph ingredients, titration range, type, size and speed of titrant addition and dispersion of the "measurements" give great realism to the process.

Quick loading of dissociation constants and one-click data transfer from the Virtual Titrator to both of the data analysis modules - Evaluation and Regression - make it easy to compare a "graphical" or empirical method with the numerical one in a matter of seconds! This is great for learning and teaching as well calculo de ph for the optimization of new titrations.

Calculated Bicarbonate & Base Excess

Introduce your experimental data pairs of volume of titrant and pH readings from de pH meter potentiometer with a combined glass electrode or another pH sensor directly into the spreadsheet of the Evaluation module. Visualize the curve as you enter data point by point during the titration in the laboratory, or afterwards.

Select the smoothing factor of the spline that shows the most accurate interpolation of the endpoints stoichiometric points or equivalence points on the derivative curves.

You will be pleasantly surprised with the effectiveness of calculo de ph smoothing for volumetric titration curves with clearly defined inflections and with the power of the Regression module to deal calculo de ph more difficult data analysis.