Aristolochia bracteata is commonly distributed in Deccan, Gujrat, Western and Southern India, Bihar etc as shown in fig 7. It has been found most commonly in. This record has been created during indexing and did not explicitly exist in the source data as such. Origin: nameUsageOrigin. Aristolochia is a large plant genus with over species that is the type genus of the family . Also, Aristolochia bracteolata is colloquially known as "worm killer" due to supposed antihelminthic activity. Aristolochia taxa have also been used as Description · Herbalism, toxicity and · Swallowtail butterflies · Selected species.
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The selection of aristolochia bracteata suitable candidate species for investigations can be done on the basis of long-term use by humans. This approach is based on an assumption that the active compounds isolated from such plants are likely to be safer than those derived from plant species with no history of human use [ 11 ].
Aristolochia is an important genus in the family of Aristolochiaceae and is widespread across tropical Asia, Africa, and South America. It is used in traditional medicine as a gastric stimulant and in the treatment of cancer, lung inflammation, dysentery, and snakebites [ 13 ].
Aristolochiaceae has been used by Sudanese people as analgesic, antiscorpion, and antisnake.
It is also used aristolochia bracteata the treatment of tumors and malaria and for fevers [ 14 ], but its usage as an antimalarial is not recommended in its crude form. Aristolochia bracteolata showed a definite positive effect on wound healing, with significant increase in the level of powerful antioxidant enzymes.
Its root and leaves were bitter and anthelmintic and are medicinally important. Almost every part of the plant has medicinal usage [ 15 ]. The whole plant was used as a purgative, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory.
It also aristolochia bracteata a potent antiallergic activity [ 16 ]. Organic solvent extracts of the plant showed antibacterial aristolochia bracteata while the water extract showed antifungal activity [ 17 ].
The plant also showed promising antiarthritis activity [ 18 ].
Although Aristolochia has been used for thousands of years in many aristolochia bracteata for many indications due to its various pharmacological activities, it was later discovered that consuming these plants can certainly be dangerous. The genus of Aristolochia contains a naturally carcinogenic compound AA which has been shown to be the cause of so-called Chinese herb nephropathy or AA nephropathy [ 1920 ], and mutations in the cells of people who consume it, causes more mutations than two of the best-known environmental carcinogens: There are many cases of nephropathy reported in the literature caused by the systemic and long term application of Chinese snakeroot Aristolochia fangchi ; this highlighted the risk of using preparations which contain aristolochic acids [ 23 ].
Although Aristolochia is being known in many countries that is containing a toxic compound AA, but this has not stopped it from being a popular herbal remedy for thousands of years.
It is still extensively used in India and in traditional Chinese medicine for slimming, menstrual symptoms, and rheumatism. It is also widespread used in Sudan and other African countries as one of the most effective herbal remedies for infectious diseases.
Aristolochia bracteolata - Useful Tropical Plants
Therefore, it was our objective to assess the potential antimicrobial activity of Aristolochia bracteolata using a bioassay-guided fractionation, in order to produce pure compound that can act as the lead compound in developing new, safe, and effective drug to replace the use of the harmful crude plant material.
Materials and Methods 2. Ltd was used for column chromatography. Precoated silica gel plates Merck, Kieselgel 60 F, aristolochia bracteata. Piperonylic acid was purchased from commercial sources TCI and used without further purification.
Plant Material The plant material whole was collected in the period from October to December from Khartoum state in Sudan.
Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal
The plant was kindly identified and authenticated by the Taxonomist Dr. Haider Abdelgadir and Mr. Test Microorganisms a Standard strains: Moraxella catarrhalis, Bacillus cereus, Aeromonas hydrophila, Salmonella typhi, Vibrio cholerae, aristolochia bracteata Yersinia enterocolitica.